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01

The Grounds

Of

RELIGION.

Terlegi hum Itkllum^ in mo nihil reperio orthodoxy fdei vel bonis moribm con- trarium , quo minus cum pu- blic a militate imprimipo/^it.

Ex JEd. Sabaud. Decemb. z^.

^^•51. GeOKS. 5t RADLING,

S. Th. Dr. Rev. in Chrifto Tatris Gilbert! Epifc.Lond, ^(tcelUriRS Dome(iicHS.

f f -^ ^>tf##f •;^'f f f If $ f If fM^-lf #

SOLOMON S GATE,

er

An Entrance into the Church ,

J[ Familiar Explanation of the Grounds of Religion conteined

In the Fowr Heads of

CATECHISM,

viz.

The Lord's Prayer. The Apojlles Creed, The Ten Commander/ients. The SAcraments.

Fitted to Vulgar Underftanding.

By hy-LM^'^^-

i Cor. XIV. XXVI. Let all things be done to Edification.

L 0 N D O 7i^ Ptiotedby R.Dan IE L, 1662.

^

To the Moft lllw JiriousTrmefs

Duchcfs of M*^^«^

increafe of Grace Herey& th&lpiproy*ei R^ards of Glory Hereafie'i^^^i^''

MADAME,

He Defign of

«»^^ 1 liis plain

Treatife being to

^ 4 In-

The Epiftle

Infufe Notions of Teace^ Ohedknce into the Minds of the Muhifude^hj a fam "liar Declara- tion ohheGrounds Cbriftianify , I could not think how to recom- mend it to puhlkk UJe with fairer

Ad

Dedicatory,

Advantage ;, then from Tour High- /?^j"Hands;\vho;,as Tou are in Tour Terfon , both for Natural Endow- ments 2.nd Moral Excellencies :, the ^JM'troir of Tour Sex: fo in Tour Re- lations , are the

Wife

Ihe Epiftle

Wife of a Trincfj whofe Herokal Vertues renderd Him the Delight & Terr our oiFor- reign Nations;and the 'Daughter oi a Statefman, whofe Wifdom is the Pil- lar of pubhck In- ter eH , and His

Qoun-

Dedicatory.

Counfels the But- trefs oioux Teace. Indeed the Sub- je& doth of it felf challenge a Reve- rence from the Reader^ & Ufef ni- ne fs is ajuft <L4po- logy for T^Iainnefs:, befides that Sa- cred Truths shew

beft

The EpHle

beft when they are feen in their own Light , and have that Native Beau^ tj about them, that they Hand not in need of Additional Helps of Art : Yet to fe- cure the zAuthour from that Cenfure,

&

Dedicatory.

^xhzlVork from that Contempt , which the Vulgar T)refs and mean Language^thcj ap- pear m^, is too apt to Betray the m toy the Lufire of fo Great ^.Tatronage v/as even to Ne- •celTity Convenient y

and

The EpiHle

and will beyond all Doubt be Suf ficient. Tour Htgh- nefs Name will be Amulet againft the Cenforiousy & Charm to the Rude. Wherefore that I have thus for the TubiicJk fake prefum'd to

Ad-

"Dedicatory.

Addrefs a parti- cular Refpe&, will (I hope) be Inter- preted a pardona- ble Ambition in Him, who is

i.\

maidame;

Tour Wlghnefs mofl HumhU And Devoted Servant

^S^w Littleton.

To the R E V E ^,Fif©f^ My ever Honoor'd FatWj/ . '^<,,^. Mr. THOMAS UT'tl^fq£^j^'''

^n

^yS-

R E c t o R of Suckley ia^tibc DidC^ '^/

Honout'd Father, ^^fe~^

' '^'^ '"^^{Hat old complaint of St. Jcrom, that Divinity is become every ones Trade , was never more _ feafonahle then of late times a-

mongfl US ; when all PrefeJJions Invaded the pulpit , and God's word was rudely handled by thofe that were Bunglers at their own trades. To vindicate me from that Impu- tation of unfeemly meddling with faered things , If my EducatloKy which hath hen all along In Letters^ and the Implojment t amlny which retjulres of me fometlmes to perform the place of Catechill^ yolll not ferv : yet the Relation^ which I and this Treatife hoth have to your f elf y will abundantly plead

'^

a, defence, for if the Church hath accept-. ed Cervices of this nature from f ever al of her fons In the Laity ; then I hope , / that am not only a Son of the Church, but the Son of a Church-man too , (hall efcape cenfure ; e- fpecl ally, when / own my felf In thi^ fmall jvork^ no other theny^nr Amanuenfis, and do hut copy out thofe notions of Truth a^d Du- ty, vphrewlth you by your early Infiltutlons feafond my Touth : So that IneffeEl^the Book^I prefent you, is as much your child , as the n'rlter of it , and this Explanation^ what it is,ts Vip ns Filia soc\s,(the veneration I owe to a Father will jufiifie the Allufion ; I mean) fAfEcho, the rebound and reports at d'jftance of your InftruBlans , and thofe difcourfes you made a fcore of years ago^ at H-^.ks-Owen. Sir, Jt was then your cufiom con^ ant ly on Sunday-afternoons , with aH familiar plalnnefs , to fet forth the Grounds of Rehgion , ^;?^ Principles of Chriftianity; an exerclfe ( though performed In the Desk) of as great necejfity, and tend'ing as much to edification , as that other ( I waygoing to fay ) IdollzJd way of Preaching, ret the fad truth is , that In this age of dlforders ^ Preachin?, hath not beenfo much abused, as Catcchizms; ( with other holy ordinances ) hath b.sn dlfufed. And Indeed, to this neg-

ieB

leSi vfe may mainly impute mofi other m'f. carriages. M^hen the Gronnd-work^ Jinkj y ^tts ne wonder if the building totter^ a>id run to decay, and If thefe Foundations (hould be fhaken , it may iufily h fear'd, that the Tvhole F abrick, of Chmch and Snzc will goe to rwne^ and fall into confufon. ^An nn- grounded, C hr'flian rvilf be eajily perfivaded to give hlmfelf up to ar^y .vild opinion or loofe ■praH'fe^ to turn Here:tck^ or Rehell , and prove a fit In^rument for the managery of Satan's defgns.

I mufl confejs^ that much hath been writt already upon thefe Sub-eEis ; fo that the very "Titles of chofe Bookj^ which have been intended Comments , and Sxpojttions of Ca- techencal H^ads, and Enarrations of the Grounds of Religion^ would tal^e up more pa- per then this whole Dlfcourfe wajls : ^nd /know there are many Excellent Treatlfes of this kjnd , even In our own Language ; yet I have not met with any one hitherto , that hath comprehended all the Rudiments of Chriftian Do61:iine ( for fo I thlnh^ I may fafely call thefe Heads of Catechlfme) in ene Manual , or delivered the plain mean' ing of them Info familiar a Phrafe ijr Me- thod, For whlleB others Ingage in contro- verfiCy andfpin out <«// School-Divmicy out

. ** 2. of

.f ,hde fUln Truths , a«imh,r n^rg.n luh LLuons o«t of,h Fathers, .»j ^^-

Sir Uylrk Of 'heir vafi Mmcs »«<-

rlr,s Ifm, Skill , " i''^' '"'I '^''Tt

oetical i»urpretan«>, ,f every cUufe , r,>ri fLord , Id the. 4 the Mefe^e.ce - /ether Nor hme I teen roMting , as oc %o.:ha.el-^lted,.yandd,.nJobr I

iivraBlcdconf,deramns, mrfear djome- "imes to enur the Lfls ag..nft the^ona- nms aU (their Trofelytes ) o.r Sedans jer .0, fo as ,0 fetch '"/'"'f * f ^^^ Ihorlty vlthoot, im m.ke ufe 'fM/^'"- 1, Lly, the prefect place .forded me. Th^e Vee. the larger in. ny 0'^^"'."^ the Lords P- aw; hecmfe.ndeed yhe Ground .f..//Lia,.-y. htheCrccdldU

not th,«kM f4^ ^^fi' ", Z'Z tJleall HereSesfo lo«gfi>!ce exploded ,for fear eajt

":feicU''t'":o.lhoMteach them ; (/«- i„, there have been too many ,n oar lateSe-

frr-rzffzit'Vb^z^^^^^^^^

asjitWinff them into Lrean,/"'* Zyfelfilthaf,ort,aniiiype)Or.Mo._

explication of the Myflerles of our Faith' JVhen /was upon the Decalogue , / could not but make National refieEil-ius pfpan each Commandement , yet fy oi to convince the ■whole People , not to upbraid any one V ar- ty \ for though the Adt of Olilivion In- joyns m to forget Injuries done to Men ^ yet Religion will oblige nf to remember our Sins agalnfi God. The Sacrameniis / have handled w'lth that brevity , that I have not there much injifted on /^<r Rites, wherewith our Church admlnljfers them ; but elfewhere In the Book^have in the gene-" ral offered fomewhat to their defence. Where J plead (tXdmlfslon of all to the holy Ta- ble , / would not be under Sfood to fpeakS^r thofe which are under Church-cenfures. On every of theje parts I hiive fald little ofthf much which might have been fatd , and for ourht that I know nothing that has been f aid by others J^aving had afpecial care all the way of the Ei<^hthCommandemcnr. 5/r, Tou are the onely Author that I have confdted , and thefe (heets have not been the travail fo much of my Invention OrS of my Memory ; while I have been reco- verlni^ thofe Notices , your Infiltution lodg'd in my young head and heart, wherefore what I have fail'd In Elegance

*

,- .ir,<,« Br Solidity of matter , / 'f flfZl hZ yo.r1>irdo. for , (/«- '!"'^ l-V Irlf/to the method of the 'RefurreSto',, ''J"^.\Jj„i nL crave

',ha, Cod 1'"^^%, I ^„j Lll «n. ierftandAf'^-f'l'.l. ii „hat Ohli.

:r:rv*:/:/P»/ /''/;: -''^

''^if'L he tZ tuts forth a Book "} VrUo« and letit an irreUg.oH,

l,fe tlotl) fat ^ ^^^

U,^e ht, Bo>^, S,J ^^ . /

^reat care a«d lov^ J ^

that Zas irUipled .n Mg-'r, h yoaj nf and thoad Scholar to fHndry Ma- felf, and ""V h™tn-JS. / thought fters «''{>'"[; f^,, Gratitude to%e. it then the »'f fi"'%^ „i defyn ,„„ you -ll^^ 'Ze 'Me».riJ'of

ZoT:o.u^j;-s:,rt§::t

in you have had fo Urge a jhare ) heap upon you the bUjfmgs of Peace and a long Life ^t hat you may fee and partake the profpertty of Jerufalem , fhall he the dayly prayer ofy

Dear Fattier,

st.Them«,.uy, your moft dutlfull and

obedient Son

Adam Littletotr,

An

Im

Sentences out of Scripture*

Heb. V. 12.

F Or when for the time ye ought to he Teachers ^ye have need that one teach you. again , icvhich be the firfl Principles of the oracles of God , and are become fuch as have need of mlk^ , & not ofjirong meat,

1 Tim. T. 13. Hold faftr the Form of found Words, yohich thou haft heard of me, in Faith , and J-oYC, which is in Chrifl fefns,.

Prov. XXn. 6, Train up [or Catechife^^ a Child \n the way he (houldgo ; and when he is old^he will not depart from it,

Pfal. XXXIV. 11,12,1^,14.

Come^ye Children , hearhjn unto me : I will teach you the fear of the Lord, what man is he that dejireth life , and lovcth ma^ ny dayes^that he may fee good >

Keep th)iTonsytfrom evil , c^ thy lips from fpeakjng guile.

Depart from evil ^ (^ do good ; feek^ Peace J andpurfucf^^

Pvor.

Prov. IV. 35.

Keep thy Ht^rtTvith all diligence ^ [or, above aU keeping :] for ont of it are the fjfffes of life,

Pfalm CXI. 10.

The fear of the Lord is the hegmmng of Wlfdom ; a good Vnderjl adding [or, good ffeccefs] have all they that do hh' Com- mandements. ^

Ecclef. XII. 13,

Let m hear the Conclufon oftherehole matter-. Fear God, and Keep his Com- mandemems; /.r^A^^" The WHOLE DuTit Oe Man.

An

An Explaiiatioi

o^^/^^rw

R E L I

E L I G I o N is the Pear of God. /. e.the acknowledg- ing & worfhippingofGod. God is known by his Works and by his Word. There was never any Nation which did not profefs the worfbip of God. An Afheift was alwayes counted a mon- fter. MowmoftCountriesfollowing Nature as their guid, havemiftaken either in the matter or manner of theirwoiftiip. The Heathens there- fore, iuch as Indians, Scythians^

Turks,

Turks, &CC, worship either a falfe God, or with falfe worfliip. But God's peo- ple being guided by tiie light of Scri- pture, do embrace the true Religion ; the letoifh Church in the time of the Law, the Chrtftian Church under the Gofpel. For after the coming of Chrift, the Rel gionof the lei^shzih now no lor.'ger ulc , fince it was but afh^dowand type ofChrift to come. For Chrift the Sun ofRighteoufnefle being rifen , the Ceremonies like flia- dows are fcatter'd and fled away. Chrtflim Religion then is that Do- arine, which Chrift himfclf taught when he was on earth , confirm'd by miracles and holineflfe of Life, and fealedwith his precious Blood dying on the Crofs. Chriftian Religion is at large conteined in the holy Scri- ptures, />. in the writings of the Pro- phets and Apoftics , who were the Pen men of the holy Ghoftj But it is chiefly compriz'd in the four Heads cfcuuchifm , which we Call the Prin-

cipUs

ciples of religion. Now Catechi/m is a brief and plain Inftitution, which ex- plains the Myfteries of Fairh, and the Duties of a holy Life, in that manner, that they may be eafily underftood by any, even the raoft vulgar appre- henfion : Wherefore 'tis call'd the Sincere milk of the Word. , as being fit- ted to the capacity of little children, which as yet cannot bear more weighty difcourfes , which are corn- par 'd to foM meat. This Dodrine then is plain that it may be rcceiv'd by the Underftanding, andfliortthatit may be held in Memory; yet full too that it may inftrud us in all things ne- ceflarytofalvation. Foritis madeup offour parts, whereof the /vV/teach- eth us what we are to believe con- cerning God and the Church; the Second y what dury we owe %o God landman; the Jhtrd defcribes a me- thod of praying; the Fourth dcWvcts thofe Sacred feals, by which this do- arine is confirmed. The ConfelTion

of

of Faith is fetdown in the K^poftles Creed. The Law of God eontcitvd in the TinCommandements is the Rule of life. The Lord's Prayer is a moft abfolutc form and pattern of Prayer. And lafeiy the two Stcraments of Bapti/my and the Holy Supper , are in- ftead of Seals. Thcfe ate the Pillars, upon which not onely ihe Church, but every raithfull foul is in the Spirit builtup to perfect knowledge and bkffednefle, to grace and glory.

AH

AN EXPLANATION Of the

L O RD' S PRAYER.

The Lord's Prayer.

O

%Jr Father Tphich art in heaven. Hallomdhe thy !Afame. Thy kingdom come. Thy mil he done in earth^as it is in heaven, ^iyem this day our day ly bread. And forgive us our trejpajfes,as m forgive them that trefpafs againfl us: dAnd lead us not into tempt a- tion; but deliver usfromevtL For thine is the kingdome , thepowr> and the glory, for ever and ever. <iAmen.

The Lords

PRAYER.

R A Y E R is a calling upon God in time of want or di-

ftrefs ; and

a returning

of

praile for blefllngs receiv'd , or deli- verances obtcin'd : Orindeed more generally, and fuitabiy to the nature of this holy cxercife , abftra^^ing it from ouroccafions; 'tis a Meditation upon God , his effencc and his Attri- butes; his Word and his Works ; and an acknowledgement of his power and wifdome and goodnefs, whereby he orders all things to his own glory andourgood. It is indeed the fpecial ad of God's worfliipj for K^doration is nothing elfe , but a pratying to him, \\vhom we adore : Whereupon » the A heathen

a ^tfingit facros aurt vel marmore vhUhs,

3, The Grounds

heathen well obferv'd . that 'twas not he that graves the idol , but he that prayes to it i which confecrates the Deity. This is furc , that his Reli- gion may well be queftion'd, who u- , feth not to pray 5 though 'tis true too, that prayer may be abus'd to wropg ends,evcn to devour widow's houfes, nay to eat up God's own Houfc.

^owi\\z grounds of Prayer are laid in the nature of God, and the relation which he hath to us; who,as he is our Creator and preferver , challenges this homage ; whence the Pfalmift iiQ- quently invites all our fellow creatures to this duty,& brings us altogether in- to one quire to praife the Lord. And the very inftina of naturc,hath taught ravenous beafts,^ not fo much to prey as to pray •, the young Lions , and the young Ravens intheir hunger cry to him, and he feeds them , and fills eve- ry thing living with his bleifing. Nor doth our relation (o much as our Ti>ant make prayer neceflary; for we depend

upon

b Hon ;am prttdari qttam precari.

of Prayer. 3

upon him,both as to the life of nature and of grace; nor are we able to fubfift or ad without his conftant help. Therefore that prseeptisno more, then nature didares to us, '^ Pray ivith- out ceafmg^QX. continually y\\i^x. is, In e- 'Very time^ In every place ^ In every bufi- nefs : The main thingin Prayer being to lift up the foul, to carry God in our thoughts, and have our converfation in Heaven; as the man after Gods own heart faith of himfelf , ihavefetthe Lord alu^ayes before me. And in the pre- fence of fo glorious a Majefty there cannot chufe but be an humble , re- verentjfervent, ch^arfuU frame offpi- rir , a mind well tuned , and the affe- dions fo order'd,the thoughts fo com- posed , as if one were alwayes in an adual devotion.

Now God's jS(jture makes it as

convenient for us to go to him in

prayer , as our Inter e(l makes it ncccf-

fary: for, as he was pleafed to call c^-

A 2 braham

C I IhejJ.S. 17. eiiS'U\ei'isna>i inthcprtce^t j m CoilAlmS hupraili/iJ'ieiTrAtlU^ii^io.i,

4. The Grotwds of Prayer,

braham ('that had frequent intercourfes with him in this kind; h\s fr/end j He hath all the qualities, which (hould be taken notice of in the choice of a friend. He wants neither will nor skill to do us all imaginable good j He hath kindnefs to intend us good, wifdome to contrive it, and power to accomplifli it. Nor are the other At- tributes idle in our behalf; For 'tis his Mercy to promife us help, and hislu- ftice to perform his promife : and the like may be laid of the reft .Then what a priviledge is it, that a poor creature, duft and allies may freely fpeak to his maker? That wc who dwell inhoufes of clay may keep up a commerce with heaven > that fmfull creatures as we are have accefs to the throne of Grace with boldnefs , and may chal- lenge a hearing in God's Court of Chancery? d Shall not the Ittdge of all the earth ('faith he; doright > And any fmner may fuefor his pardon with the fame plea.Shall not jufti^e acquit me,

Once

d ^w.i8. zj. .

The K^dvantagcs cf Prayer. 5

fince mercy hath accepted my furety? Is it not enough , that my debt hath been once pay'd? Chrift hath dyed for my fins , and my foul fliall live. Nay, letourcafe be what it will, God him- felfhath afforded us fuch Arguments, as he will not (land out. Shall he that hath given me a ///f , dznymc food? (hall he that hath given mc^kbody , de- ny me r<«/wf«^^He that hath given me his Son , will not he much more give me all things elfe 5 Thus Prayer is not only like Ucob's w refiling with God upon earth.buthis fcaling ladder too, to reach heaven ; whilfl Prayers afcend to fetch down blefHngs , and blefTmgs defcend to fetch up praifes.

Laftly , let's but look to the advan^ /4'^athatcome by praying , and me thinks no body fhould be fo ill na- tur'd to himfelf as to negle£l it. What is't, but ask and have > and will any one be fo lazy , as to refufethepains of asking/* He dcferves not bread to put in his mouth , that will not open a A 2 proud

6 ^hex^dvantages of Prayer. proud mouth to ask it. We have Gods word for'tin feveral places, that his kindnefs he rates fo cheap , that it fhall be had for asking. ^ ^^sk, and it (halt be given you. And our Saviour pafleth his word , ^ ihzf^hatjoeverlve fhall ask in his name ^ he loill do it. Can any thing be purchas'd at a lower rate, then asking ? This is the buying without mony and without price. Dothamanwantwifdome, counlel, help? Doth a finner want gtace, par- don , ftrength > Doth a Saint want light,comfort,reft? Let him but come and ask, he (hall find God readier to give , then himfelf was to ask ; who fometimes anfvvcrs prayers before they are made, and counts it one of his greareft titles , that he is a hearer of Prayer-^ ^utfomc ask and have not'. Be- f<i«/^,s as the Apoftle faith, they ask a- mif. Wherefore he that would pray aright, fo that he may obtein, muft come prepared & fur niflit with thofe Graces , which may make him ac- cepted.

1 Prepuration for Prayer. 7

cc^tcd} Lef the TiJords of my mouth and th:€ meditation of my heart be acceptable in thy fight. We muft not ruOi in- to fo great a prefencc; ('for ' thefoolifh Jhallmtfland before thee : ) bur con- fiderthe Majefty of God , and our own vileAefs , being deeply affcded with the fenfe ofhis goodnefs , and mansmifcry; and premeditate before hafid what we have to fay, and howj and indeed pray before we go to pray, that God will prepare our hearts for prayer. ForfothePlaimiftrefolves the fucceisof Prayer;^ Thoufioalt pre- pare (oidtreB) their heart , and jh alt caufe thy ear to hear. And though all the graces, like a bed ofrpices,are up- on this occafion to breath forth their fwect odours,' yet fome have a more particular imployment , fuchasare. Reverence in our high thoughts of God , Humility m our low thoughts of our felves , Trufi to rely upon his goodnefs , and Patieme to wait his time , KnoTifledge that we may under- A 4 {land

hT/4/.ij.i4. iP/rt/.;. 5. kPAi.10.17.

8 The Qualifications

ftand in fome meafure the nature of God , and obedience that we may fin^ cerely perform his will , Zeat which may inflame and raife ourafFeftions towards him , and Co;z/?4«^; which may keep us in a daily pradiiceof this Deity, And to thore,which call upon himib, God will be near, and will ei- ther do that which they a^k, or fome- rhing which may be better Tor them.

Who comes irreverently puts an affront upon God , which anearthly Prince would not brook. He that is poflefs'd with an aw of greatnefs, will take heed how he demeans himfelf before it. Reverence then draws with \t attention , which will drive away vain thoughts, as j Abraham (car'd the birds from the facrifice. We cannot in reafon exfped: , that God fhould take notice of us , if we mind not him; or hear thofe prayers , which the Speaker himfelf regards nor.

Who leaves //«/»;///; behind him

doth

I Gen.i^. 1 1.

of Prayer. 9

doth but pcrfonate a devotion , and plays , rather then prayi. He may pleafe himfelf , or othersit may be, with aiding a pompous part ; bux.God rejijls the proud , nor doth thcboaft- ingPharifeegohomejuftified. Now Humtlt!y\SQti\c?iy fcated in the mind, but it exprefles it felftoo in the out- ward parts, and prefcribcs the pofture oikneelmg,boli>n.'g , falling^2ii upon the face : nor was the Publican lefs humbjed , when hey?tf(7^a far off and prayed.

Who would feek to God , if he durft nottrufthim, but look'd upon him, cither as a down-right enemy , or an unfteady friend > we nnift bring the confidence oich'Mtt^y ifwelookto havethekindnefsofa Father. The A- poftle hath faid it, that m he that pr ayes doubting and Tpith l»avertng , ftiall go without ; fo that who asks withdi- ftruft, befpeaksa denyall.

Nor yet muft this confidence be fo bold, as to limit God to means hoUf, or

ap.

in lam.i. 6,t-

lO The Graces

appoint him his time ivhen. God's own times are hz^-^'^ourfeafonsare in his hmd-.zM 'tis not for us even in this fenfe to know the times and the fea- fons. Moreover he works without means as well as with means , and the unlikciierthe means, the likelier for God's fervice ,♦ the firft caufe virtuates thefecond : therefore the aflurance that God will grant, muft be attended Wiihpatience, i.e. a quiet expectation, till it pleafe God to anfwer us in his own way. He that will not ftay God's Icafure , deferves not his anfwer. « He that believes, faith the Prophet , Jhall not make ha/I j which the Apoftle quotes thus, p He that believes Jhdi not be afhamed , that is, difappointedj And thatisthe next, to wit.

Faith , by which we apprehend and get kno'^ledge of Godj For he that addrefleth to him q mufi firfl believe that he iSy and that he is a rewarder of them that feck him. God is not pleas'd withthefacrificeof fools j The beft

fer-

nT/4/,ji.i(j. oT/rf.zS.iC. pT^w.io.ii. q//«6.ti.6.

attending Prayer. il

fervice we can pcrform,if it be not en- liven'd with iaitii , is at the beft but a carcafeofduty , and like that cheat Plutarch mentions , ot an oxes bones covered with the hide, and intended a facrifice when the flefh and entrals were gone.

Nor will a naked faith ferve turn, tomakeihisoblation acceptablej un- lefs it be cloth'd with good works. There muft be obedience , as well as kmUffledge-y a fincere heart as well as an orthodox headj nor is'tlefsfit, that pure hands fliould be lifted up to God in prayer,then devout eyes: An-d there- fore this Prayer is accompanied by both Creed &c Decalogue, both of them having an influence upon it ; fmce we cannot pray as we fliould, without ha- ving refped to both Faith & manners ; feeing that ^ iptthout Faiih 'tis tmpofsi- bletopleafe God, 2ir\<X^the defire of the T\;>icked{zs well as their « Ti^ay)fhalperifh.

Prayer is fometimes term'd a facri- fice ; now that can't be ofFer'd with- out

tHtb. 11.6, [ PJal.iii.io. t Tfal.l.6.

1 2 The ^j^alifications.

outfiire: There mud be then all the affed:ionsin aflame, V or ^ the fervent Prayer of the righteous availeth muchi and u the Prayers of the Saints are pre- fented by Chrift to his Father , mixt with the fwect odours of his intercef- fion, inacenfer. Zealvtz^ that fiery chariot , wherein £///«^ rode to Hea- ven j who had that great command over heaven, while he was on earth, by his praying,that he could with this key of David ciihQi open orfhutit at hispleafure.

Yet we mufttake heed of bringing ftran^b^e, the/^«^/^/««^ofa new Light , or the glimmering taper of an ignorant devotiOn , but fetch it from heaven ; nor content our felves with a flafli and fit of devotion; but keep it alive in our hearts,as the fire upon the altar . which was never to go out. There muft be a confiancy and a daily praftice,fuch 2l5 Darnel's ufc was,who prayed three times a day with his face towards lerufalemj andD4i^/^'s, who

prais'd

V /4W.5. t6. u T{ev.t, J.

The forts cf Prayer. ^13 prais'd God morning and at evening andatnoon day : And thus fome ex- pound that ^Pr^^^/'ft'df;^^ i.e.conftant- ly, every day , without intermifll on , fet afide fome of your time for this duty ; alludingtothe cuftomofthe daily facrifice.

No>k^ there are feveral forts of Prayer: As to the iphce^ puhiicJi' in the church , ov private, in the family , in the clofet. As to timc; ordinary, for our ordinary affairs , morning and e- vening, before and after meals 5 and extraordinary upon extraordinary oc- cafions, fuch as are defigns , dangers, and deliverances , fafts and feafis, judgements and mercies , particular fins and graces, &c. And accordingly fome have to very good purpofe and great benefit of the vulgar , put forth ^Manuals of d€VOtion,fitted for all the bufincfs and moft occurrences of life. As to the manner ; mental only , as y Hanna pray'd in filencejor oy4/,utter'd by the voice , whence 'tis caJl'd Ora-

tio.

14 , rhe forts of Prayer, tio. As to the perfon praying; either conceiv'd,& that either upon preme- ditation; or with fuddenaffedion^and as they lay ex tempore^ ^and this may, muft be allowed any Chriftian in his privacy,) btfet , cither by publick ap- pointment of the Church , or the ci- vil Magiftratej (^who being to order the matters of Religion , may well be ftyled in this meaning, ^the CHinifler ofGod.D'taconus Deiy & Liturgus Dei, i. e. as the Greek word import.s,(7^^V common-Frajer -maker ; it being the very word , whence Liturgy is de- riv'd,) or by diredionof Godly men for the ufe of thern , who arc unpro- vided with forms of their own. And laftly as to the fubjea , or the things prayed forj ^ the Apoftle hath divided it into four kinds: Petition for good, 'DeprecationoitViV, Thankfgiving for the good obtein'd, or evilremov'd, and Inter cepon in the behalf of others. All which forts of prayer are either exemplified or included in this moft

abfo-

»7^»».I3.4. a I T»«>.ii.l.

The Lord's Prayer. 1 5

abfolute form , which our Saviour himfelf prefcrib'd , which from him is called The Lord's Prayer.

There are not many things, which wearthe (lamp ofthis title, and thofe have a peculiar veneration due to them , as immediately appointed by lefus him/elf •, the Lord's Day , the Lord's Supper, the Lord's Prayer: (The fame word, out of which the name which we give God's Houfe is made, ^ Kirk or Church. )Chn^ did not only •taiake it, but appointit too j for when his difciples came to him with a defire that he would teach them to pray, as John had done his difciples ; He bade them ufethisform. St. c^4^/i7^> in- deed, Whenyoupray.faythm: which yet doth fignify not onty in this man- ner, butinthefe very words. St.Luke morepereraptorily delivers the inftitu- tiOn,ci»hef$youprayfaySoihzt^Y2imin% the adverfary the advantage that he would catch at from St. c^^/z^^Tj; , yet hemuft acknowledge even from

thence,

i6 The formdity of

thence, that this prayer is an exa^l: co- py, and plat- form, by which we are to frame and model all our prayers ; and %uLuhsN\\\ make out farther, that it is a form of prayer , to be conftantly ufed by them , who would be taken for Chrift's difciples.And no queftion but as it is the moft ancient, and beft prayer, which ever was intheChri* ftian Church , fo 'twas meant for con- ftantufe and rehearfal in the facred offices of the Church. This affertion proves Liturgy as lawful! , as the pre- vention of blafphemy, (chifm, and non-fenfe make it convenient if not neceffary: which the oppofers of fet forms perceiving and fearing lead the fpirit ( as they term it ) fhould be bound , if Chrift's own form fliould pafsfree, make bold not only to dif- ufe but to abule it too , and cry it down ; as if his words could offend God, whofc very name doth fo much prevail with him in prayer. Where- fore they would have L«^f be under-

ftood

the Lords Prayer a farted. 1 7 flood according to Mattheit>'styi^ttC' fion : which (by their fa v^our) is not to be granted them;for Si.iJKatthe'ii>'s way of fpeaking ^ is often taken in St. Luke'% meaning , but on the contra- ry, 'twill be hard for them to find an inftance of their arguing. Nor will the variation of a word in the middle of it , or the omiffion of a claufe at the end of it^ftand them in much (lead, as we (hall fee anon. This excellent form and pattern then of prayer is both for matter, and form, and order fo full and compleat and comprehenfive; fo well ordcr'd, and fitly fuited , and hanfom- ly expreft; that , were the command for the ufe of it laid afide , it feems to commend it felfto aChriftian's daily practice, asa fliort yet full Liturgy.

This Prayer may be divided into three parts j the PrefAce , the Pmyer it felf, and the Conelufion. The Preface is a compcllation of him , whom the prayer is addrcffed to ; to wit , God, who is defcribed , partly by a title, B which

d rhas faith the Lord^i.e. intlitfiverjmrdiiSiU

IS The Vivijlon

whichfhewshis relation to us , and our intereft in hyaXyOur Fnher. partly by the place, wherein hedvvclsand fhewsforthhis glory , l^htch art in Heaven. Thchody oft he Prayer it felf contains in it a compleat fum and to- tal of all holy defires.and a perfcdl bre- viat of things pray 'dfor,both fpiritual and temporal, and hath fix or (as feme would have it by partingrhe laft into two) feavcn Pnitions ; The three former whereof concern God's glo- ry, the three later belong to us and our neceflfitieSjboth unto this life and that which is to come.So that the glory of God,and the Salvation of man .which arc the two pillars , uponwhichthe frame of providence , and work of grace doftandj are mainly here confi- der'd , and run inench vein of this Prayer.The fenfe of all may be briefly reducedinto thefe twofhortverfes.

I .Name. ^. Kingdom, s .Will he done.

j^. Bread. <,.T)ehts. b.Temptatioft. The conclujton, or indeed peroration,

hath

of the Lord's Prayer. 19

hath in it a Boxohgie , or excellent form of confeflion and praife , rcfled- ing upon the three firft petitions, and carrying along with it a reafon of the whole prayer, thus:T/7^ Kingdomtomey For thine is the Kt^gdew 5 Thy ivi/lbe done, Forthtneisthefoloers s^nd Hal- loTvedbe thy N^me , For thine is the glory. That God's glory is in our prayers (as it ought to be in all our aaings)the«and«, the /?^y? and the UH , the beginning from which all things came at firft , and the end to which all things tend atlaft.

Andthe?^/^/i<?»/ themfelves have a mutual refpedt , and feem to look to one another after this manner : That we may hallow thy «tfwf, and praife thee in the Land of the living,preferve our life by fupplying us with/ot?^; That thy Kingdom may come into us, and grace may rule in our hearts, blot out our paft iniquities , andjuftifyus by forgiving our/«f ; That we may perform a due obedience to thy "n^///, B 2 retnovc

% o We fray to 41 three Per fans . remove every offence out crfthe way, and fuffer us not to fall into fin, by gi- ving us up to the power oi tempta- tion, or leaving us to our felves. This in general.

To come to the Prayer it felf^in the compcllation , wherein we call God Father, we do not mean only the firii perfon of the bleffed Trinity , exclu- ding the other two perfons , the Son, and the Spirit, but take in all three:the word Father here being not appro- priated to one perfon, as in relation to another , (to wit of the Father to the Son,) butapplyed to God according to hiseffence, i. e. to all three Persons (for they all three are one and the felf- fame God; in oppofition to us , whp fay the prayer. The Father , Son and Spirit being each of them, one as well as the other , a Father in refpe^ of all created things , and particularly of men, it being uiual with the Heathens fo to term their Jupiter, - - ^ Father of \yingils and of men.

Fa-

God a Father hy creation. 2 1 Father, God is the great Father of the univcrfc , the mailer of the wotld, from l»hpm andtoT^hom are atl things. He made all things by the word of his power , and of his meer goodnefs prefervcs all things & wifely, orders all events , and deals with thtt whole world no other wife, then a Fa- ther doth with his child. He is not on- ly in himfelf an infinite being , as his nzmQ rehovjih(ht\vs , including in it all the differences of time Paft , Pr^- fenr, and Future; ^'Tt>hoii>as,andis,and istd come, but the immens fountain of beings , whence every thing that is had its original ; not that his very ef- fence or fubftance was or cbuld be communicated to any created t,hing, as man begets man (a Father the Son) in hi sown likenefs; then everything vvould be God , which is the Ranters blafphemyto fay. No ; the nature of God is quite of another kind then that ofthe creatures , arid altogether in- communieablej For hoW caii We irria- B 5 ginCp

2 2 Father by Creation

ginc , that his infinite eflence , could have ftreamed forth it felf into fuch a various and particular exiftence , cloaihedit felf with thofe accidents , andfubmitted it fclftpthofc lawesof change , which all created things lye under ? 'Twa5 hisalmighty Word, which produced allthingsot nothing, light outof darknefs, order out of confufion ; that was the womb that afforded the fruitful feed , out of which all things grew : g He/poke, and they ivere made ; and 'twas well ob- ferv'd by the Heathen Critick , ^ that L^.cfes ufed exprcflions fuitable to the Majefty ofaGod , when he writes, Godfaid , let ihere be light and there ivoi light. 'Tis true,he hath imprint- ed upon every creature fome cha- rafter of himfelf , that we may know by looking on the piece.by the Image and fuperfcription , whofe handy work it is. And in this fenfe we may fay , every thing he has done is like him 5 as we would of an abfolutear-

tift,

and Confer VAtion, 2 i

tift , whofe rare pieces will at firft fight ftiow what hand they came from.

Nor did he only make things , and then leave them to themfelves , as Ibme unnatural parents expofe theic children ; But takes care of and pro- vides for every thing.looksafter them, wears them in his thoughts , in his ey, fupplyes their wants , opens his hand, and tils them with his goodnefs , che- ri(hes and maintains them. And ha- ving built this goodly frame of heaven and earth doth with Wi^^everUJling armcs (what vain ftory fayesot At- las) fupport and uphold it , or rather as his Vicegerents are pidur'd with a (..lobcin one hand and a Scepter in the other , grafps the whole world in his handj and dandles it in his lap, as a tender hearted mother her playfom child. Can he that implanted To tender anaffeftionin all mothers &damm€s to their young ones, himfelf be with„ out large bowels of compaflion B 4 full

24- GoJ's Father fy

full breads of m^rcy , and a tender bo- fom of love ? His goodnefs exceeds all comparifon : Though a mother JhouU forget her child, yet (i faith he) / Tipilinotforget mfpeopU. Providence is that great dug , at which every crea- tme hangs, and draws its comfort, by which all things are maintained , whence are i0ucd forth daily allow- ances and conftant provifions dealt out. For he commands